HISTORY OF FORMATION AND DEVELOPMENT OF THE INSTITUTION OF THE POLICE OFFICER

Authors A. V. Solonar1, A. Yu. Yakimenko 1,
Affiliations 1 Sumy State University, 2, Rymskogo-Korsakova st., 40007 Sumy,Ukraine
Issue Issue 6, Year 2017
Citation Solonar A. V., Semennikov S. V. Definition and Signs of Administrative Services. Legal Horizons, 6, 23-28 (2017)
DOI 10.21272/legalhorizons.2017.i6.p23.
Keywords police, police officer, the National police, history of police, status of police officer
Annotation

In the article it was defined the features of the police officer institution development since its inception in antiquity. It was analyzed the arguments of the scientific community regarding to the features of development of this institute in different periods of history. In the article it was defined persons who performed the functions of the police officer during the royal Russia and ending with the adoption of the Law of Ukraine “On the National Police” based on analysis of normative-legal acts. In addition, there was determined the peculiarities of development of the institution of the police officer in the Soviet period, the German-Soviet war, the entry of Ukraine in the USSR. In the result of the study there were defined the stages of formation of institute of a police officer: stage 1 – ancient times (the first mention of the police officer); stage 2 – the 18th century – the period of royal Russia (the appearance of the police officer who functions like a modern, creation of specialized police agencies on the territory of Ukraine); stage 3 – the Soviet period (functions of the police officer were performed by the employees of the worker-peasant militia; securing the new functions of the police in connection with the German-Soviet war; the reorganization of the police: transformation of the People’s Commissariat of Internal Affairs to the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the USSR, the adoption of the Disciplinary Charter; liquidation of the USSR Interior Ministry; approval of “Regulation on the Soviet police”; the creation of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the USSR; adoption of the law of Ukrainian SSR “On police”); Stage 4 – the period of independence of Ukraine (Laws of Ukraine “On introducing amendments and addenda to the Law of Ukrainian SSR “On police”, “On operative-search activity”, “On pensions of military personnel and persons of commanding and ordinary structure of law-enforcement bodies”, the Decree of the President of Ukraine “On approval of the Regulations on the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine”, law of Ukraine “On the National police”, Regulations on the National police). There was underlined that the final status of the police officer has been enshrined in law with the adoption of the law of Ukraine “On the National police”.